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Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India Tour Packages

Varanasi , also known as Benares, Banaras, is a city on the banks of the river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, India, 320 kilometers (200 mi) south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and 121 kilometers (75 mi) east of Allahabad. A major religious hub in India, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism and played an important role in the development of Buddhism and Ravidassia. Varanasi lies along National Highway 2, and is served by Varanasi Junction railway station and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport.

Varanasi grew as an important industrial center famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BCE when he gave his first sermon, "The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma", at nearby Sarnath. The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century when Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi. During the Muslim rule through the Middle Ages, the city continued as an important center of Hindu devotion, pilgrimage, mysticism, and poetry which further contributed to its reputation as a center of cultural importance and religious education. Tulsidas wrote his epic poem on Rama's life called Ram Charit Manas in Varanasi. Several other major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir and Ravidas. Guru Nanak visited Varanasi for Maha Shivaratri in 1507, a trip that played a large role in the founding of Sikhism.

In the 16th century, Varanasi experienced a cultural revival under the Mughal emperor Akbar who patronized the city and built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu, though much of modern Varanasi was built during the 18th century, by the Maratha and Bhumihar Brahmin kings. The Kingdom of Benares was given official status by the Mughals in 1737 and continued as a dynasty-governed area until Indian independence in 1947. The city is governed by the Varanasi Nagar Nigam (Municipal Corporation) and is represented in the Parliament of India by the current Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, who won the Lok Sabha elections in 2014 by a huge margin. Silk weaving, carpets and crafts, and tourism employ a significant number of the local population, as do the Diesel Locomotive Works and Bharat Heavy Electricals. Varanasi Hospital's foundation stone was laid by the then governor Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi in 1954 and it was inaugurated by former president S. Radhakrishnan in 1964.

Varanasi has been a cultural center of northern India for several thousand years and is closely associated with the Ganges. Hindus believe that dying here and getting cremated along the banks of the "holy" Ganges river allows one to break the cycle of rebirth and attain salvation, making it a major center for pilgrimage. The city is known worldwide for its many ghats, embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions. Of particular note are the Dashashwamedh Ghat, the Panchganga Ghat, the Manikarnika Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat, the last two being where Hindus cremate their dead and the Hindu genealogy registers at Varanasi are kept here.

The Ramnagar Fort, near the eastern bank of the Ganges, was built in the 18th century in the Mughal style of architecture with carved balconies, open courtyards, and scenic pavilions. Among the estimated 23,000 temples in Varanasi are Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, and the Durga Temple. The Kashi Naresh (Maharaja of Kashi) is the chief cultural patron of Varanasi and an essential part of all religious celebrations. An educational and musical center, many prominent Indian philosophers, poets, writers, and musicians live or have lived in the city, and it was the place where the Benares Gharana form of Hindustani classical music was developed. One of Asia's largest residential universities is Banaras Hindu University (BHU). 

Area: 163.8 km² , Weather: 30 °C, Wind W at 13 km/h, 77% Humidity , Population: 12 lakhs (2011)



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When to visit
 
Peak travel season is Nov–May. Mar–May is hot, while Jun–Oct is the humid and rainy monsoon season. Winter (Nov–Mar) is dry and mild, with chilly nights. Key events include Purnima/Vesak (Sarnath, Apr/May, date varies), celebrating Buddha’s birth. Ramlila (Sep–Oct) is a month-long performance of the Hindu epic Ramayana. Ganga Mahotsav (Nov) is a cultural and religious festival held on the banks of the Ganges.
 

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India ( Click Below and Play Video )


 

Top sightseeing Places to Visit in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

 
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Ancient Hindu edifice rebuilt in 1770s
 
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Riverside steps for religious ceremonies
 
Manikarnika Ghat
Historic setting for Hindu cremations
 
Assi Ghat
Riverside religious/cultural events site
 
Ramnagar Fort
Historic fortress with museum & armory
 
Dhamekh Stupa
Ancient Buddhist shrine with carvings
 
Kashi Kalash Foundation
Famous temple dedicated to Hanuman
 
Chaukhandi Stupa
Large historical Buddhist monument
 
Shri Durga Temple
Famous temple with a reflecting pool
 
Gangaa Aarti
Riverside Hindu rituals honor the Ganges
 
Sarnath Museum
Large collection of archeological finds
 
Bharat Mata Temple
Temple with a marble relief map of India
 
Shri Satynarayan Tulsi Manas Mandir
Grand Hindu temple in a refined setting
 
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum
Diverse art & archeology artifacts
 
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple BHU
Temple
 
Alamgir Masjid
Sanctuary
 
Nepali Temple
Temple and architecture
 
Tulsi Ghat
River

 

Notable neighborhoods

If you only have a day

 
  1.  
    1

    Chaukhandi Stupa

    (1,655)

    50 minutes

    This historical Buddhist stupa features a sizable mound with a brick base & octagonal tower.

  2.  
    2

    Manikarnika Ghat

    (6,238)

    50 minutes

    One of the city's oldest ghats, this iconic site is a storied spot for traditional Hindu cremations.

  3.  
    3

    Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple

    (40,490)

    1.5 hours

    Landmark riverside temple to Shiva, known for its 18th-century gold-plated spire and sacred well.

  4.  
    4

    Dashashwamedh Ghat

    (42,697)

    1 hour

    Bustling riverside steps down to the Ganges River, used for religious rituals daily.

  5.  
    5

    Ramnagar Fort

    (13,965)

    55 minutes

    Sandstone fort & royal residence with a museum that has vintage cars, costumes, an armory & more.

  6.  
    6

    Kashi Kalash Foundation

    (12,154)

    50 minutes

    Hindu shrine to the namesake god, known for the sweets sold on-site & its spring music festival

     

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 5 days in New Delhi, Jaipur, Agra, Khajuraho and Varanasi

 
  1.  
    1

    1 day

    New Delhi is an urban district located in the city of Delhi. New Delhi serves as the capital of India and the seat of all three branches of the Government of India. The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by Emperor George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. It was designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker.

  2.  
    2

    1 day

    Jaipur is the capital of India’s Rajasthan state. It evokes the royal family that once ruled the region and that, in 1727, founded what is now called the Old City, or “Pink City” for its trademark building color. At the center of its stately street grid (notable in India) stands the opulent, colonnaded City Palace complex.

  3.  
    3

    1 day

    Agra is a city in northern India’s Uttar Pradesh state. It's home to the iconic Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built for the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal (who died in childbirth in 1631). The imposing main building features a massive dome and intricately carved white marble inlaid with precious stones. This is set behind a reflecting pool inside a courtyard defined by 4 minarets.

  4.  
    4

    1 day

    The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu temples and Jain temples in Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres southeast of Jhansi. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 AD and 1050 AD by the Chandela dynasty.

  5.  
    5

    1 day

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva

 
4 days in Varanasi and Lucknow
 
  1.  
    1

    2 days

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.

  2.  
    2

    2 days

    Lucknow, a large city in northern India, is the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Toward its center is Rumi Darwaza, a Mughal gateway. Nearby, the 18th-century Bara Imambara shrine has a huge arched hall. Upstairs, Bhool Bhulaiya is a maze of narrow tunnels with city views from its upper balconies. Close by, the grand Victorian Husainabad Clock Tower was built as a victory column in 1881

 5 days in Bodh Gaya, Patna, Kushinagar and Varanasi

 
  1.  
    1

    2 days

    Bodh Gaya is a village in the northeast Indian state of Bihar. Considered one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites, it's dominated by the ancient brick Mahabodhi Temple Complex, built to mark the site where the Buddha attained enlightenment beneath a sacred Bodhi Tree.

  2.  
    2

    1 day

    Patna is an ancient city that sprawls along the south bank of the Ganges River in Bihar, northeast India. The state capital, it’s home to Bihar Museum, a contemporary landmark exhibiting bronze sculptures and old coins from the region. Nearby, Indo-Saracenic–style Patna Museum displays a casket believed to contain the Buddha’s ashes.

  3.  
    3

    1 day

    Kushinagar is a pilgrimage town in the Kushinagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death. It is an international Buddhist pilgrimage centre. The followers of Buddhism, especially from Asian countries, wish to visit this place at least once in their lifetime.

  4.  
    4

    1 day

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva

     

4 days in Varanasi and Gaya

 
  1.  
    1

    3 days

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.

  2.  
    2

    1 day

    Gaya is a holy city beside the Falgu River, in the northeast Indian state of Bihar. It’s known for 18th-century Vishnupad Mandir, a riverside temple with an octagonal shrine. Close by, ancient Mangla Gauri Temple is set on a hilltop. To the north, Hindu devotees bath in a Brahma Kund pond before honoring their deceased ancestors atop Pretshila Hill

4 days in Bhagalpur, Rajgir and Varanasi

 
  1.  
    1

    1 day

    Bhagalpur division village is an administrative geographical unit of Bihar state of India, with Bhagalpur as the administrative headquarters of the division. As of 2005, the division consists of Bhagalpur district, and Banka district and is located on the bank of Ganga River

  2.  
    2

    1 day

    Rajgir is an ancient city in the northeast Indian state of Bihar. Surrounded by hills, it's known for its holy sites. Remains of the Cyclopean Wall, which encircled the city centuries ago, still stand in the center. Close by, Venu Vana park was once home to a monastery built for Buddha. The shield-shaped Japanese Temple contains a huge Buddha statue.

  3.  
    3

    1 day

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva

4 days in Bodh Gaya, Varanasi, Aurangabad and Mumbai

 
  1.  
    1

    1 day

    Bodh Gaya is a village in the northeast Indian state of Bihar. Considered one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites, it's dominated by the ancient brick Mahabodhi Temple Complex, built to mark the site where the Buddha attained enlightenment beneath a sacred Bodhi Tree.

  2.  
    2

    1 day

    Varanasi is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws Hindu pilgrims who bathe in the Ganges River’s sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.

  3.  
    3

    1 day

    Aurangabad is a city in Maharashtra state, in India. It’s known for the 17th-century marble Bibi ka Maqbara shrine, styled on the Taj Mahal. The nearby Shivaji Maharaj Museum, dedicated to the Maratha king Shivaji, displays war weapons and a coin collection. North of the city, the Aurangabad Caves comprise ancient, rock-cut Buddhist shrines.

  4.  
    4

    1 day

    Mumbai (formerly called Bombay) is a densely populated city on India’s west coast. A financial center, it's India's largest city. On the Mumbai Harbour waterfront stands the iconic Gateway of India stone arch, built by the British Raj in 1924. Offshore, nearby Elephanta Island holds ancient cave temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva

 

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Want to book a tour? Call Us For booking on +91-9600017031, +91-8894917116, +91-7060507245, +91-8894404523, +91-8894915059,+91-5832-267070. In case if Phone no's are continuously engaged, You are requested to fill contact us form on our website and our executives will get back to you as soon as possible. You may also leave us a Whatsapp message on our  +91-9600017031  WhatsApp Number to receive packages.  If you don't use Whatsapp, You may send us an email on info@gautamandgautamgroup.org to get the detail of packages with price. 

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